Friday, May 22, 2020
Crime is something that impacts everyone whether directly as a victim or indirectly through societal and economical cost. By understanding the causes of criminal behavior it may be possible to change some of the factors and eliminate some criminal behavior. However, it is not simple, and understanding the behavior of the criminal does not necessarily eliminate criminal behavior. The roots of criminal behavior have been heavily debated. During the eighteenth century social philosophers such as Jeremy Bentham (1748-1833) began to embrace the human behavior was a result of rational thought process. People choose to act when, after weighing the cost and benefits will bring them an increase in pleasure and a reduction of pain. It stands to believe that criminal behavior could be eliminated or controlled if law violators could endure the pain of the punishment exceeding the benefit of the crime. At the beginning of the twentieth century there have been efforts to link physiological factors such as skull size or skin color to criminal behavior. Age is often a large determinate of criminal behavior. Most initial offenders tend to be younger often in their teens or early twenties. Criminal activity then decreases as age increases. Not all crimes fit this pattern however, fraud and other crimes like white collar crimes, that require more thought and planning are often committed by older individuals. When choosing a crime, the individual may not commit the crime theShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Criminal Behavior Among Juveniles980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestheir family. As this behavior continues and the child becomes more involved with gangs the less likely they will maintain norms imposed upon them by their family and instead engage in criminal behavior (Angenent and de Man 1996:97). Unfortunately, this type of behavior only leads to time spent in juvenile detention. And sadly among the youths, recidivism continues to be a huge problem. One could only wonder what is in place to help decrease the repetition of criminal behavior among juveniles? InRead MoreWhat Determines Criminal Behavior?1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdetermines criminal behavior? Are they born to be a natural born killer, is it in their genes, or is it a learned behavior? There are multiple factors resulting in criminal behavior, from genes to environmental factors. Although it is said and believed that criminal behavior is biologically determined there are even more learned or environmental factors that play a role in criminal behavior. There are four top social risk factors believed for the involvement of crime. Parental behavior plays a largeRead MoreAn Overview of Evolutionary Psychology718 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesin order to solve an adaptive problem, such as: survival and reproduction. Psychological mechanisms mostly operate behind our conscious thinking. Evolved psychological mechanisms produce values and preferences, which performers then pursue within their constraints; they also engender emotions. Evolutionary psychology is important to the study of crime because it provides an understanding to human behavior, including criminal behavior and responses to criminal behavior. Evolutionary psychology alsoRead MoreScience Crime And Deviant And Criminal Behavior1364 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstudied because of the many factors found in deviant and criminal behavior. Lets first start with understanding what deviance is. Deviance is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"behavior that violates accepted norms and arouses negative social reactionÃ¢â¬ (pg. 386). Just like the Western societies from long ago, in some of our societies today there are still religious explanations for behavior that violate norms. Back in ancient times people believed that deviant behavior was because of four reasons: Ã¢â¬Å"(1) God was testing theirRead More Conduct Disorder Essay549 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesconduct disorder in children can lead to criminal activity in adulthood. The research that was conducted from this question was that of Memorial University of Newfoundland, the Department of Psychology. Sampson and Laub (1997) discussed conduct disorder as not being a single cause of adult criminal behavior, but instead the start to what they termed as a life of Ã¢â¬Å"cumulative disadvantageÃ¢â¬ . The conduct disorder might indeed be the initial cause of problems, but may be replaced by the effects of disapprovingRead MoreOrganizational Behavior1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOrganizational Behavior Michael J. Bonnie CJA444 June 5, 2014 Eddie Gordon Organizational Behavior Organizational behavior is the study of how employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior interacts within an agencyÃ¢â¬â¢s work environment. It includes many subjects which include sociology, communication, psychology, and management. Its primary purpose is to review and report in the ever expanding study in criminal justice organizational behavior areas in the workforce. This discussion focuses on the forces of change andRead MoreFactors Influencing Deviant Or Criminal Behavior932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn previous summaries it was discussed that there are numerous theories that attempt to explain criminal behavior including biological, psychological, social, economic etc. These theories share a common understanding that there are factors influencing deviant or criminal behavior that predispose some individuals to aggressive, violent or criminal behavior. While these theories give a convincing argument that crime is caused by biological, psychological, social and economic factors. They tend to focus Read MoreBiological Explanations of Criminal Behavior1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBiological Explanations of Criminal Behavior Nature and nurture contribute to the way a person behaves. This can be applied to the behaviors of criminals. According to Fishbein (1990, pg.37), Ã¢â¬Å"behavior [is] primarily attributed to inherited predispositions and genetic influences.Ã¢â¬ Nurture is the environmental influence that shape human behavior (Fishbein, 1990, pg.37). Human genetics and environmental factors contribute to the uniqueness to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. However, there are underlyingRead More Crime Problems Essay1077 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrehabilitation for prisoners that will be released. Some argue that criminal behavior is due to environment, others believe that it is genetic, and yet others think that it has to do with personality. If there were certain personality traits that could be identified with potential criminal behavior, steps could be taken to try to reduce or diminish the Ã¢â¬Å"criminal personalityÃ¢â¬ . Although personality is not the only factor in criminal behavior, there does s eem to be a strong association between the both. AlfredRead MoreCriminals Must Be Punished For Breaking The Laws Of The Land1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCriminals need to be punished for breaking the laws of the land. However, the space in which we discipline those who do not respect the law is vanishing. So, what will we do with criminals once all our jails exceed their maximum capacity? Those who break the law pose a danger to our society which is why we developed the system of incarceration. Jails have functioned in our society to protect citizens, or those who obey the constitution. For years, our jails were able to separate criminals from obedient
Sunday, May 10, 2020
Although Ã¢â¬Å"during much of his lifetime Shakespeare was better known and more admired as a poet than as a playwright,Ã¢â¬ (Nelles, Par.1) one can argue that William Shakespeare is one of the most brilliant and fascinating British poets, not only of his time, but also to this day. His work is everlasting and promising. Hence, we are still talking about him and discussing his work in the 21st century. His poems leave the reader inspired and wanting more. The techniques he used for his poems and sonnets are abstract and authoritative, while giving something simple more meaning. Sonnet 29 is one of many of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s sonnets published in 1609, which illustrates a common manÃ¢â¬â¢s trouble within himself. This sonnet emphasizes the need for a person to understand that although one will always see the next person doing better than them, it is crucial for one to contain happiness and strength towards one s own goals and aspirations. Sonnet 116 is another of ShakespeareÃ¢ â¬â¢s sonnets that emphasizes that love is eternal no matter what the circumstances might be. This essay will compare the similarities and differences of the two sonnets and examine what the two sonnets share. Sonnet 29 is intended for the fair youth as most of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s sonnets are. Fair youth is another term for a man. The speaker starts off the sonnet in a pessimistic tone, and with little to not much hope for the future. In the sonnet, the speaker gets a little broad and gives the reader anShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeare s Othello 1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthis inescapable human passion. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s store of colors is unrivaled. No human failing, foible or foolishness escapes his gentle, comedic reproof. He equally enjoins his audience to venture as bravely as he does into the palpable horror of love gone amiss. In Ã¢â¬Å"OTHELLO,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"MACBETH,Ã¢â¬ and many more dramas, loveÃ¢â¬â¢s fatal potential to provoke vengeance or the quest for earthly power is powerfully felt. These are epic investigations of loveÃ¢â¬â¢s progression. A sonnet, however, is the equivalent ofRead MoreEssay about Shakespeares Sonnet 30 and Tennysons In Memo riam1302 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLoss has been experienced over centuries and many poets have written on the subject. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Sonnet 30 and Alfred Lord TennysonÃ¢â¬â¢s In Memoriam are two poems from different eras that express the idea of loss. Both were written after the loss of a close male friend, and both are only one poem from a series of poems. Shakespeare lived in England where he was born in 1564 and died in 1616 and Tennyson also lived in England where he was born in 1809 and died in 1892, the poems being writtenRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Sonnet 30960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeare s writing about love is exceptionally deep and intensely layered with numerous implications and utilization of rhyme and metaphors. The power of feeling, the profundity of thought, and serious creative energy are all to be found in his sonnets. Shakespeare s Sonnets clarify the value of human relationships by showing that friendship can end oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own sadness, that love should be commemorated, and that marriage between true minds is loyal and consistent. Ã¢â¬Å"But if the whileRead MoreEssay on Shakespeare Authorship Controversy1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShakespeare, the man who wrote 37 plays and more than a hundred sonnets, is known throughout the world. Many people consider him one of the best English playwrights of our time, others say that he was a genius. William Shakspere was born in Stratford-upon Avon in 1564 and died in 1616 at the age of 52. In the mid-19th century, questions had arisen about the Shakespeare authorship controversy, and many scholars wondered whether Shakspere, the man from Stratford, wrote the plays. Ralph W. EmersonRead MoreThe Movement Of The 18th And 17th Century Essay1526 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswill look into the hallmarks of this period; Sonnets and their incredible movement into Europe. The essay will underscore that indeed poets are not solitary, hermetic personalities but are an expression of the communities. The prominent literary work in this period is an array of love traditions that had previously existed as independent practices in many centuries and across multiple nations and languages. William Shakespeare is the author of 154 Sonnets all of which form some of the most romanticRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s The Elizabethan Era3177 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesWilliam Shakespeare, possibly the greatest writer in English language, had different views about the world than most writers. Shakespeare completely disagreed with the Elizabethan society he lived in and with the concept of time. He found his societyÃ¢â¬â¢s views unproductive and incorrect and he believed that time should not be a part of life, since it causes too much harm. His work showed how he viewed the concept of love and friendship and how someone cannot live his or her life properly without lovingRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Sonnet 301181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 30Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, William Shakespeare introduces the audience to a sad state of mind, extreme abstract metaphors ,and the use of very strong mechanical features ,which opens an intake on ageing love for his audience to imagine the memories of love, all regrets ,and pain that soon evaporates. Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 30Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ closely repeats Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 29Ã¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ theme that the memories of youth are priceless and it also uses the same structure in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s other sonnets. The quatrains focuses on the emotions of pain withRead MoreWhat Brings a Poem to Life?1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesall sorts of variations, each with itÃ¢â¬â¢s own sound,smell, and taste. The most successful poems masterfully give readers the Ah Ha! experience and invoke in them incomprehensible emotions that render them vulnerable to the poets message. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢ s Sonnet 18 and Sylvia PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s Metaphors adequately contain imagery,lineation,and tone to shape the meaning and allow the rest to the readers perception.However, no matter how elegant the poem may be structured the poem is nothing without the readersRead MoreEssay On Elizabeth Barrett Browning955 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswriting poetry at a very young age. She began reading the classic poetry written by William Shakespeare and John Milton. At the age of 12, she wrote her first book of poetry. When Barrett was 14 years old, she suffered a spinal injury while riding her pony. The doctors diagnosed her with a skeletal disorder that would require her to take opium, which she became addicted to for the rest of her life. For all of Barrett s life, doctors didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what was exactly wrong with her, but they later came toRead More A Comparison of Romantic Love in Shakespeares Sonnets As You Like It2069 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesShakespeares Sonnets Romantic Love in As You Like It Ã Ã Ã Ã Shakespeares comedy As You Like It is clearly a pastoral comedy with a country setting, a theme revolving around love and a story which consists of a series of accidental meetings between characters and a resolution involving transformations of characters and divine intervention.Ã The comedy involves the traditional literary device of moving urban characters into the country where they have to deal with life in a different manner
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Child Development Theories A Comparison of Theories: Freud, Adler, and Jung The following paper will obtain information based upon three influential men; Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Jung. All three with their own theories of being and mental health will be explored. In addition to the basic theories of all three men, a comparison will be conducted based on each individual theory. We will write a custom essay sample on Child Development Theories or any similar topic only for you Order Now Sigmund Freud was a man that believed in the unconscious mind and sexual impulses. Alfred Adler was a man that believed in the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to be psycho analyzed as well as social relationships among people. Carl Jung was a man that believed in the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s past experiences as well as the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s religious beliefs. Ã¢â¬ËSigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler; these three figures loom large in the history of modern psychology, casting long shadows that have, in the course of one century, forever changed the way we use the first-person pronoun, Ã¢â¬Å"I. Ã¢â¬ Among these giants, Freud is indisputably the most towering monolith. It was FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s pioneering use of the term the Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"das IchÃ¢â¬ in his native German, which was then translated into the Latin Ã¢â¬Å"egoÃ¢â¬ ) that brought Ã¢â¬Å"egoÃ¢â¬ into common parlance and popular interest to the process of self-consciousness. Ã¢â¬â¢ (Nystul, M. S. 2005) (Enlightenment Magazine 2008) Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and he also believed that religion was of universal importance. Sigmund Freud felt that sexual impulses are the main motivation for men. He also felt that any mental activity was due to the unconscious mind. Alfred Adler was well known for his belief in individual psychology. He believed that motivational influence was due to social behavior and upbringing. This is not an uncommon belief today. The author of this paper happens to believe that it is our experience that makes us who we are. A child that grows up in a rich, non-threatening home is far more likely to have a better adult hood than that of a child that grows up in a poor, full of abuse ridden home. Not saying that someone that grows up poor and abused can make it because they could. Anyone can be anything they want if they put their mind to it. It is just that there would be a better chance of success than that of the opposite upbringing. All three men had their own interpretation. Adler believed in individual psychology. His belief that the human being should be viewed as a whole was a big find. He also believed that human beings accomplish goals because they want to not because anything is forcing them or helping them along. Adler also believed that only we have control over how our lives turn out and what we do with them. All three men were also professional about what they did and how they perceived one another. Each respecting each other, while understanding that their each individual way may not be the exact way everyone is going to view their concepts. Ã¢â¬Å"Individual Psychology breaks through the theory of determinism,Ã¢â¬ he writes. Ã¢â¬Å"No experience is a cause of success or failure. We do not suffer from the shock of our experiencesÃ¢â¬âthe so-called traumaÃ¢â¬âbut we make out of them just what suits our purposes. We are self-determined by the meaning we give to our experiences. AdlerÃ¢â¬â¢s emphasis on the wholeness of the person and the fact that our values inevitably shape our experience led to his conviction that, in the end, there is only one true meaning to human life: care and love for our fellowmen. Ã¢â¬â¢ (Nystul, M. S. 2005) (Enlightenment Magazine 2008) Carl Jung didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think that the individual past of a person was of any importance. He believed that religio n was the main basis for any and all aspects of a human beings life. All three men were captivated by one another and their individual thoughts on the matter at hand. Religion was a big deal to Carl Jung and it is the experience of the author of this paper that religion is of importance to so many today. Religion is of values and beliefs that most everyone has whether they are Christian, Catholic, Buddhist, or any other religion that exists. Tradition shows that most religions have a set of beliefs and values that are followed by each member of that religion. Meeting every week on a certain day- Christians on Wednesdays and Sundays. It is following the values and beliefs provided by the church that Carl Jung believed in so much. If one is to be true to the church that would in fact have an effect on the way that individual would carry him or herself. In conclusion, Freud, Alder, and Jung have three very different outlooks on psychological theories. Ã¢â¬ËAll three of these remarkable men knew and worked with each other. In their day, these three men were on the cutting edge of the newest science of western civilization. If not for Freud, Alder, and Jung psychology would not have evolved into the field that it is today. Ã¢â¬â¢ Life is full of surprises and one may never know what is going to happen next. Without theories or experiments, the knowledge of psychology would not have evolved into what it is today. Learning is the key to life and there is no such thing as too much knowledge. (Douglas C. 2005) References Enlightenment Magazine (2008) what is Ã¢â¬Å"Dis IchÃ¢â¬ retrieved from: http://www. enlightenmentmagazine. com Nystul, M. S. (2005) Introduction to Counseling: an Art and Science Perspective (3rd edition) New York: Pearson Douglas, C. (2005). Current psychotherapies. (7th Edition) (pgs. 96-129) Itasca, Ill. F. E. Peacock How to cite Child Development Theories, Papers
Thursday, April 30, 2020
This paper discusses the Persian Gulf War, the reasons behind its inception, military history, and how the war ended rather quickly. This paper presents an in-depth look at the Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991. The author presents a detailed history regarding why and how the war began and how it was ended a short time later. War is never pleasant. It involves people dying, lots of money being spent and anger on both sides. Nothing is ever positive when it comes to a war. America stays out of most conflicts unless it sees some nation or entity bullying another one. Then this country steps up to the plate and gets involved. This was the case in the Persian Gulf War. We saw Iraq bullying up to Kuwait , and we decided it was not right. We got involved, Saddam Hussein was angry at us for it and the rest went down in history. We will write a custom essay sample on The Short War or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The Persian Gulf War meant many things worldwide and a coalition of 36 nations banded together with the United States to make a statement that would not be forgotten. It worked and the Gulf War was over in a flash.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Mercutio's Effect on Romeo and Juliet essays In the book Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, Romeos friend Mercutio has a large effect on both Romeo and Juliets lives. Mercutios actions cause the death of Juliets cousin Tybalt. He indirectly causes Romeo and Juliet to meet, and he has an indirect cause in both Romeo and Juliets deaths. In the book Mercutios first effect on Romeo and Juliets lives was the fact that he caused them to meet. Romeo had been feeling down about the fact that the woman he loved, Rosaline, did not return his affection. While he, Mercutio and others were walking the streets, a servant from the Capulets house approached them and asked Romeo if he could read the guest list to a Capulet ball aloud to him. After he had heard that there was going to be a ball at the Capulets house Mercutio suggested that he, Romeo, and their other friends should go to the ball. Mercutio told Romeo that if he went to the ball it might take his mind off of Rosaline. Romeo decided to go to the ball and while he was there his attention was diverted from Rosaline, he met Juliet and they fell in love. If Mercutio had not insisted to Romeo that he should go to the ball, Romeo and Juliet might never have met and fallen in love. Another way Mercutio affected Romeo and Juliets lives was his death. Mercutio was killed while having a playful duel with Tybalt. This angered Romeo so much that he challenged Tybault to a duel. Romeo ended up killing Tybault. This effected Romeo and Juliets lives in a major way. For killing Tybalt, Romeo was banished from Verona. Since he was banished from Verona he could not see Juliet as often as he wished. Juliet and Romeos friend Friar Lawrence concocted a plan to get Juliet out of town and with Romeo. But for the plan to work Juliet had to pretend she was dead. After the plan was in affect Romeo heard that Juliet had died. (He had not gotten Juliets letter telling h ...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Moral Attitudes and Values Development in School Hashtag: #FailingTheHonest Moral Attitudes and Values Development in School Most parents typically taught their children not to lie and be honest in everything they do as our society in general favors those who are truthful, sincere, and equitable. Similarly, educational institutions play a major role in ensuring that each student recognizes the worth and value of being honest in purpose, work, and principle. However, despite social norm and value learned in school, honestly in some society received punishment rather than admiration or respect. The reason why schools typically avoid false systems of merits and demerits is the fact that such practice teaches children to work for end results rather study and learn. However, telling the truth in this world is not always the best policy particularly when it involves admitting your fault or exposing somebody in power. One reason is the fact that our perception of things offends those that are note aligned with them. Some people find it difficult to confront the truth as such complex reality demands emotional and intellectual integrity. Many college students according to one study consider freedom, honesty, happiness, and competence as important personal values but they do not consider honestly as an obligation. These college students may be aware that such attitude sometimes frustrates other people. The study shows that some people actually gave up their honest behavior because of a bad experience. Punishing people for being honest makes them avoid such situation again through lies and deceit. You may also like these articles: The Value of Academic Debate The Scientific Basis for Defining Seasons Remembering Our First Stage of Education Junk Food in School Practice What You Preach The Effect of Dysfunctional Social Norms Honesty builds trust and should be treated with respect but in many circumstances, a personÃ¢â¬â¢s honesty seems more of a disadvantage than a helpful characteristic. One problem is that traditional belief on the value of honesty is now overshadowed by alternative social norms that tolerate dishonesty. According to study, some society rationalized dishonesty and other dysfunctional norms as unavoidable and even condone fraudulent and inefficient decisions made by social leaders and public authorities. In fact, this type of attitude prevails regardless of economic costs and serious consequences such as violations of public interests. In business organizations according to research, an establishment of a norm of dishonesty among employees often make honest employees accept the norm and start viewing themselves as people who can also engage in theft and fraud. The organizations responses over this dysfunctional employee norm such as investing in high-tech security and surveillance systems seem to worsen the problem more. For instance, as costly security measures send the message that the company does not trust its employees, the sense of organization community is decreased. Moreover, it can also lead to employee hostility and retaliation as security system facilitates the belief that management is an enemy. In school, students who regularly cheat and get away them makes cheating an acceptable behavior to their peers. In time, such academic dishonesty will become a dysfunctional but well-accepted social norm among students. Moreover, since people internalized norms and cheating does not stop after graduation, these students will likely continue doing other forms of dishonesty in later life such as cheating their spouse, lying to their workplace superiors, cheat customers, theft, fraud, and others. The saddest thing about it is the fact that habitual dishonesty often makes people view their misconduct as morally acceptable regardless of company financial losses and severe social consequences.
Monday, February 17, 2020
State Coordinating Boards and accountability measures - Essay Example In order to enhance competitiveness in the international marketplace, Governments are increasingly focusing on the need to improve the quality of human capital that is the product of higher educational institutions. Therefore, there is an accountability that is being demanded of these organizations, through the use of external evaluation and performance measures to assess the quality of the education that is being imparted and the effectiveness of policy outcomes. These moves are posing a threat to academic freedom, which gives an individual the right to Ã¢â¬Å"study and teach whatever he or she wants to without threat of sanctionÃ¢â¬ [Tierney, 1998, pp 41], even if this course of study may be such that it does not contribute to maximizing economic returns for the public dollars that have been funneled into education. Educational institutions have traditionally functioned with autonomy because that makes them more Ã¢â¬Å"flexible and responsive, given their relative freedom from command and control by centralized GovernmentÃ¢â¬ ¦..[The result] is higher levels of organizational innovation and more variety within national systems of higher educationÃ¢â¬ [Dee, Henkin and Chen, 2000, p 204]. However, increasing economic pressures leading to the corporatization of higher education are impinging upon the autonomy of educational institutions [Bok, 2003] and pose a serious threat to the achievement of true academic goals [Kirp, 2003]. The conflict between maintaining academic autonomy while simultaneously persevering policy accountability is an ongoing one, in which State Coordinating Boards are faced with the greatest difficulties in defining their role and achieving the right balance between autonomy and accountability.